Bill 9 came into effect Monday to curb the theft of catalytic converters in our province.
Justice Minister Kelvin Goertzen says Bill 9, or the Scrap Metal Act and its corresponding Scrap Metal Regulation, are part of his government's comprehensive plan to address the increasing problem of metal theft, particularly of catalytic converters.
"The Scrap Metal Act, along with the Scrap Metal Regulation, outlines a framework that applies to the sale and purchase of scrap metal in Manitoba," says Goertzen. "The act and regulation will significantly reduce the theft of catalytic converters by disrupting resale opportunities for illegally obtained scrap metal."
Under the new framework, dealers must record the details of their transactions related to scrap metal, defined as a used item made of aluminum, brass, bronze, copper, iron, lead, steel, stainless steel, tin or a prescribed metal or alloy. Dealers must keep the transaction records for two years and provide them to a peace officer when requested. Cash transactions are not permitted for any transaction over $50.
The minister notes that transactions involving metal containers normally recycled to avoid waste, such as paint cans, as well as coins, bullion and jewelry are exempt from this record-keeping requirement. Transactions involving restricted items, defined as being highly vulnerable to theft and resale, such as catalytic converters, or having significant intrinsic value, such as plaques, monuments and statues, have even more stringent rules.
In addition to the record-keeping requirements for general scrap metal, any transactions involving restricted items must also include a photograph that provides sufficient detail to identify the item. The complete records must be submitted to the scrap metal dealer's local law enforcement agency within seven days. Cash transactions are not permitted for restricted items.
The minister noted the valuable participation of law enforcement, non-profit partners and other government agencies in their efforts to combat catalytic converter theft, highlighting the efforts of the RCMP, Winnipeg Police Service (WPS), Winnipeg Crime Stoppers, Manitoba Public Insurance (MPI) and Criminal Property Forfeiture (CPF).
CPF provided grants to combat the theft of catalytic converters by marking and having catalytic converters engraved with vehicle identification numbers (VIN). With an engraved VIN, police can trace the rightful owners of recovered catalytic converters and individuals with illegally obtained converters can now be charged for being in possession of stolen goods.
These crime prevention efforts, combined with making it much more difficult to resell illegally obtained scrap metal with the Scrap Metal Act and regulations, enforcement efforts of police agencies like the WPS in its recent arrests and the public awareness efforts of MPI, this criminal behaviour can be collectively disrupted, the minister notes. Through data collection collaboration between MPI and the Manitoba Criminal Intelligence Centre, this activity will continue to be tracked and the impacts will be monitored.
"The thefts of catalytic converters are affecting many Manitobans. ," says Supt. Jim Mirza, acting Criminal Operations Officer, Manitoba RCMP.
As more Manitobans have been significantly impacted by the increase in catalytic converter thefts, MPI revised its depreciation/betterment schedule to ensure it was reasonable and fair for customers.
Recognizing that most vehicle owners do not have to replace their catalytic converter unless it is stolen, MPI concluded the depreciation/betterment schedule for converters should not be the same as for other exhaust components. Vehicle owners whose catalytic converters are stolen will continue to pay their normal deductible for their claim, but claimants will now save an average of more than $100 on the depreciation/betterment fee thanks to the revised schedule.
MPI will continue working with law enforcement agencies and the Manitoba Criminal Intelligence Centre, and is developing a public awareness initiative that will include theft prevention advice, such as parking indoors or in well-lit areas or installing a vehicle alarm.